Allegheny County task force recommends program to reduce lead in rental properties

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Woman talking at podium

TRIBLIVE —Rental properties in Allegheny County should be inspected for lead in their paint and water each time they are sold to a new owner, a county lead task force recommends.

The recommendation was among two dozen suggestions in the task force’s report released Tuesday .

A rental inspection program in Rochester, N.Y., was identified as a model of what the task force would like to see in Allegheny County.

Under that program, each time a rental property is sold to a new owner, the municipality inspects it to make sure its paint and water do not contain unsafe amounts of lead.

Landlords would need to obtain “lead-free/lead-safe” certificates before they could rent a property to tenants. A database of properties would be available to the public.

Allegheny County’s large number of municipalities — 130 — could make the program a challenge, since properties would need to be inspected by municipalities, not the county.

“In order to do something like that, it’ll take a cross-jurisdictional effort … and also take some additional resources,” said the director of the county Health Department, Dr. Karen Hacker, who headed the task force.

Rochester has examined 141,000 properties since it started its program in 2005, Hacker said.

Starting such a program in Allegheny County would likely require local legislation, Hacker said.

Under current policies, public housing properties are routinely inspected for lead but other rental properties are not, Hacker said.

Michelle Naccarati-Chapkis, executive director of the Pittsburgh-based Women For a Healthy Environment, said her organization supports the county pursuing a rental inspection and searchable database program.

“The tenants have a right to know that their home is deemed lead-safe,” Naccarati-Chapkis said. “We need to have systems in place so there’s transparency and ease to the general public in understanding the potential for risk.”

The task force also urged the county to launch a new lead task force of county residents, Hacker said. That group could help get the word out about lead education and persuade parents to let Health Department inspectors examine their homes if their children have high lead levels, she said. Sometimes parents deny access, which means county inspectors can’t find the source of the lead.

The task force also recommended new ways to monitor and educate the public about the issue.

The department recently received 15 applications in response to a request for proposals from companies interested in helping with a lead education effort, Hacker said.

Hacker announced plans to launch the task force in April, the same day county Controller Chelsa Wagner announced her office would audit the Health Department’s efforts to combat lead-related problems. In announcing the audit, Wagner cited media reports, including a Trib story that revealed the county had rarely penalized landlords for lead paint in homes where lead-poisoned children live.

The nine-member task force, including local officials and physicians, began meeting in May.

The group spoke to 20 local and national experts, reviewed literature and studies on the topic, spoke to parents of children with high lead levels and collected public comments, Hacker said.

The task force was part of an ongoing multi-pronged approach to combat the lead issue.

The county’s mandatory lead testing requirement starts Jan. 1. The county’s 2018 budget includes two additional full-time county lead inspectors, County Executive Rich Fitzgerald said. That brings the health department’s total to three full-time lead inspectors, Hacker said.

Fitzgerald said he hopes to keep the task force group together for another year, even though the report is finished.

Naccarati-Chapkis said she hopes her organization and other community-based groups will be able to help implement some of the suggestions in the report.

“There’s a unique opportunity to work with community-based organizations that are in the neighborhoods and work with the landlords,” Naccarati-Chapkis said. “So it’s crucial to extend the partners beyond those that are listed (in the report).”

Read the full story here.

Theresa Clift is a Tribune-Review staff writer. Reach her at 412-380-5669, tclift@tribweb.com or via Twitter @tclift.

Task force recommendations

Below is a list of some of the Allegheny County lead task force’s recommendations:

Paint, Dust and Other Household Sources

  • Increase supply of lead-safe/lead-free housing through a certification program
  • Inform homeowners, housing providers and residents of lead hazards and provide information on opportunities and requirements for remediation
  • Establish programs to financially support lead remediation
  • Advocate for state and federal resources to support remediation efforts
  • Increase the number of lead-safe contractors by expanding training and certification programs

Water

  • Decrease the presence of lead-containing plumbing materials such as pipes, solder and fixtures
  • Undertake short and medium-term strategies to minimize exposure
  • Advocate for improved national standards

Soil

  • Improve demolition standards
  • Identify and remediate contaminated soil
  • Support the testing and remediation of soil by home owners and housing providers

Alternative Sources

  • Identify high-risk occupations and hobbies and encourage appropriate lead-safe practices to protect workers and their families
  • Advocate for additional federal regulations to identify and eliminate importation of lead-containing items that pose risks to children

Monitoring and Reporting

  • Identify communities with a high risk for lead exposure
  • Enhance public reporting

Investigation of Hazards

  • Monitor changes to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s guidelines for management of elevated blood lead levels and adjust programming accordingly
  • Conduct primary prevention investigations in homes based on risk factors

Public Awareness and Advocacy

  • Reconstitute a community lead advisory committee such as the prior “Lead Safe Pittsburgh” organization as a countywide working group
  • Expand education strategies on the hazards of lead and strategies for remediation